The nose runny, the eyes itch: almost a third of all adults in Germany suffer from an allergy – hay fever is the most common. The allergic runny nose is triggered by the pollen from trees, bushes, grasses, cereals and herbs.
Flying pollen makes life difficult for many people. What allergy sufferers can do now:
Ten valuable tips for allergy sufferers
1. You don’t want to do without regular ventilation, but more pollen comes in every time? Close-meshed pollen protection grids on the windows hold back most of it, but the less exchange of air means that ventilation must be longer.
2. Your clothes collect the pollen from outside and this is how it gets inside. It is better not to undress in the bedroom, because this is where they stay for a long time at night. With the short wash program they are washed out quickly. Then let it dry inside, because if the laundry is outside, the pollen will also hang on it.
3. Vacuum carpets and upholstered furniture regularly, ideally with a vacuum cleaner with a Hepa filter ( ideally class 14). This way, the pollen doesn’t get back into the room. Wipe smooth floors regularly with a damp cloth, otherwise the pollen will be blown up again and again with the dust.
4. Avoid too much exercise outdoors. During exercise, the increased need for oxygen is met by breathing through the mouth, which irritates the airways and leads to stronger reactions. Things are often better after the rain, because the pollen was “washed” out of the air. But be careful: it is worse after thunderstorms, because the pollen is pressed close to the ground and allergenic particles are also knocked out of the pollen
5. Sunglasses that close tightly around the eyes protect the eyes from light and pollen.
6. Refrain from smoking or smoking . The constant irritation of the airways make the mucous membranes even more vulnerable.
7. Wash your hair before you go to bed to prevent pollen from getting on your pillow.
8. Breathe through your nose if possible. The fine cilia filter out some of the pollen. You can flush the pollen out of your nose with a nasal douche. If possible, do not use nasal ointments, gels or powders. They stick together the hairs of the nose and impair the filter function.
9. traveling you do not occur in your main pollen season in a region in which your pollen.
10. Do you spend a lot of time in the car? Then you should equip your car with a pollen filter . Since they gradually become clogged, these filters have to be replaced once a year, preferably after the pollen season in autumn or winter.
Pollen allergy: treatment on four levels
- Allergen avoidance : Allergen avoidance, i.e. avoiding pollen, is the safest method for treating hay fever. However, it is difficult to achieve because the pollen can fly for miles through the air.
- Desensitization: Specific immunotherapy is the only treatment method that addresses the cause. In the classic variant, the allergy sufferer is given the respective pollen allergen in gradually increasing doses in order to make them insensitive to the allergy trigger. In the meantime, however, drop or tablet therapy preparations can also be used – for use at home. For therapy, preparations should be used for which efficacy has been proven in studies. A hyposensitization should always be carried out by a doctor experienced in allergology.
- Medicines: The medicinal treatment is used to relieve and avoid the symptoms of hay fever and to treat the inflammatory swelling of the mucous membranes. Mainly anti-allergic antihistamines are used and more severe allergic reactions also anti-inflammatory cortisone preparations or sometimes leukotriene receptor antagonists to supplement therapy.
- Complementary procedures: A useful measure accompanying therapy is rinsing the nose with isotonic salt solution. This natural method has been shown to reduce the need for antiallergic medication.